There are no known early medieval sites or findspots in the area between Shipley and Smalley. However, place-name evidence indicates Anglo-Saxon activity in the area, with Smalley, to the west , deriving its name from theOld English smael leah, meaning a ‘narrow clearing’ (Cameron 1959). Anglo-Saxon activity was recorded at Smalley in a 1009 charter of King Aethelraed, while Shipley,to the south-west, was recorded in the 1086 Domesday Survey.There are no known later medieval sites or findspots within the site, although a seriesof medieval bell pits are located to the south-west. Watching briefsconducted by ARCUS in 2008 and 2009 identified previously unknown early miningactivity in this area (Kozieradzka-Ogunmakin 2009).Mining activity in the Smalley area was recorded in charters dating from 1285 and BellLane, to the south of the site, appears to be an early route which acquired its namedue to its proximity to the medieval bell pits. While no associated remains are visibleon available aerial photographs, previously unrecorded mining activity may haveoccurred within the proposal area. However, the majority of the site is likely to have been in agricultural use during the medieval period.