The countyextends from the classic arable landscapes of the lowlands to the gritstone uplands of the southern Pennines, with itsdispersed settlements and pastoral economy. The varying geology offers a range of landscapes from the TrentValley to the high gritstone moorlands, and a variety of natural resources like lead, iron and coal, which haveinevitably shaped the development of the area, both economic and social, since the middle ages.

http://www.le.ac.uk/archaeology/research/projects/eastmidsfw/pdfs/31dermed.pdf

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