The Battle of Shrewsbury was fought between King Henry IV and a rebellious faction led by the Percy family and marks one of the bloodiest conflicts to take place on British soil.

The significance of the battle lies not just in its political ramifications as precursor to the wars of the Roses but also in the fact that it was the first time that English archers had fought against each other on their own soil.

On Saturday 21 July 1403 the armies of Henry IV and his son aligned their forces for battle against the rebellious Percy family three miles to the north of Shrewsbury. Hotspur positioned himself on the favourable higher ground on the northern part of the battlefield, leaving the royal army lower down the slope to the south at a disadvantage, apparently in a field of peas .

The conflict began, after a long standoff and failed negotiations, with an archery attack from both forces followed by an attackby the king. Prince Harry commanded the right. At some point in the conflict Harry received an arrow in the face and although apparently  still commanding his troops for some time, was subsequently forced to retire to the rear. Hotspur and a small force of men then made an attack towards the King’s people, but although they killed several important nobles, he was cut down in the unsuccessful attempt. The rebels, hearing of the demise of their leader fragmented and the battle was subsequently lost. Douglas withdrew and was pardoned by the king as a potential ally. Hotspurs corpse was originally buried, but was eventually quartered and dispersed across Britain. It now possibly rests in the Percy chapel in York Minster .

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