Anthropologist Raymond Firth offered a definition of peasants that is broad enough to include besides European peasants, peasants of third world countries or now as they are referred to as Developing nations and tribal peoples who may practice horticulture as well as,  agriculture. Firth says: By a peasant economy one means a system of small scale producers with , with a simple technology and equipment often relying primarily for their subsistence on what they themselves produce. The primary means of livelihood of the peasant is the cultivation of the soil. • Reconstruct medieval peasant social and economic life by a close study of contemporary peasants • Not a perfect model but situations peasants faced during and after colonialzation are similar • Keep in mind that peasant society is a mode of production which structures all aspect of society in just the same way that capitalism influences notion of family, entitlement and the concept of welfare.

http://www.udel.edu/anthro/budani/Peasant%20welfare%20in%20England.pdf

Advertisements